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Kurgan Ak-su - Aüly (12th–11th centuries BC) with a tomb covered by a pyramidal timber roof under a kurgan has space surrounded by double walls serving as a bypass corridor.
This design has analogies with Begazy, Sanguyr, Begasar, and Dandybay kurgans.
Sarmatian Kurgan 4th century BC, Fillipovka, South Urals, Russia. It is the first kurgan known to be completely destroyed and then rebuilt to its original appearance.
This kurgan was excavated in a dig led by Russian Academy of Sciences Archeology Institute Prof. In English, the archaeological term kurgan is a loanword from East Slavic languages (and, indirectly, from Turkic languages), equivalent to the archaic English term barrow, also known by the Latin loanword tumulus and terms such as burial mound.
The modern Turkish word is kurgan, which means "fortress" or "burial mound".
Following its use in Soviet archaeology, the word is now widely used for tumuli in the context of archaeology.
Burial mounds are complex structures with internal chambers.
They were inspired by common ritual-mythological ideas.
Kurgans were used in the Ukrainian and Russian steppes, their use spreading with migration into eastern, central, and northern Europe in the 3rd millennium BC.
The monuments of these cultures coincide with Scythian-Saka-Siberian monuments.
Various Thracian kings and chieftains were buried in elaborate mound tombs found in modern Bulgaria.
Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great, was buried in a magnificent kurgan in present Greece; and Midas, a king of ancient Phrygia, was buried in a kurgan near his ancient capital of Gordion.Scythian-Saka-Siberian monuments have common features, and sometimes common genetic roots.